Interactive Heritage MapWorld Heritage Sites South West


Trevarno Estate – Cornwall and Devon Mining

Trevano Estate

visit the historic Trevarno Estate where you can explore 70 acres of gardens, grounds and woodlands, some of which date to 1246. Later home of the Bickford-Smith family, who are associated with invention of the world’s first mining safety fuse, Trevarno is one of the great estates and gardens of Cornwall to be founded on mining wealth. Trevarno also features one of Cornwall's largest and most diverse plant collections set within magnificent formal, informal and woodland landscapes. 01326 574274

Cornwall and Devon Mining

Wheal Trewavas

The landscapes of Cornwall and west Devon were radically reshaped during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries by deep-lode mining for predominantly copper and tin. The mines, engine houses, foundries, new towns, smallholdings, ports, harbours, and ancillary industries so created, together reflect prolific industrial innovation which was to have a significant influence on the development of our modern industrial society.

The best surviving of these metal mining landscapes are recognised within the newly designated Cornwall and West Devon Mining Landscape World Heritage Site, or ‘Cornish Mining’, as inscribed by UNESCO (United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organisation) in July 2006. This places the historic mining landscapes on a par with such international treasures as Stonehenge, the Taj Mahal and the Great Wall of China.

The Cornish Mining World Heritage Site is a serial inscription comprising ten principal Areas from St Just in the far west of Cornwall to Tavistock in west Devon. Together these total 19,700 hectares making this the largest World Heritage Site in the UK.