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Old Sarum – Stonehenge

Old Sarum is an Iron Age hill fort built in about 500 BC and later occupied by the Romans, the Saxons and the Normans. It boasts beautiful views and the ruins of a Norman castle, cathedral and town which were abandoned in favour of what is now Salisbury.

www.english-heritage.org.uk/oldsarum

Suggested time for visit: 1h30

Stonehenge

Stonehenge in silhouette

Stonehenge and Avebury are respectively the most sophisticated and largest stone circles in the world. Together with the outstanding ritual and funerary monuments surrounding them, they represent an incomparable testimony to prehistoric times. Although 40 km apart, they were designated as a single World Heritage Site in 1986.

The Stonehenge part of the World Heritage Site covers 2,600 hectares and contains over 400 protected monuments. Stonehenge itself was built and used between 3000-1600 BC. It is the most architecturally sophisticated stone circle in the world, unrivalled in its design and unique engineering. A cremation cemetery in its early phase, it is aligned on the sun at the solstices, but its exact function remains a mystery. The stone circle is surrounded by hundreds of prehistoric burial mounds and by several ceremonial monuments such as the Avenue, the Cursus, Woodhenge and Durrington Walls.

Stonehenge website