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Salisbury – Stonehenge

Salisbury is a medieval market town with an amazing cathedral (founded in 1220, beautiful cloister, the highest spire in England), quaint pubs, market (Tuesdays and Saturdays), and museum (displaying some of the excavation finds of the Stonehenge World Heritage Site and paintings by Turner).

Salisbury cathedral www.salisburycathedral.org.uk

Salisbury museum www.salisburymuseum.org.uk

Tourist Information Salisbury 01722 334956

Suggested time for visit: 1 day

Stonehenge

Stonehenge in silhouette

Stonehenge and Avebury are respectively the most sophisticated and largest stone circles in the world. Together with the outstanding ritual and funerary monuments surrounding them, they represent an incomparable testimony to prehistoric times. Although 40 km apart, they were designated as a single World Heritage Site in 1986.

The Stonehenge part of the World Heritage Site covers 2,600 hectares and contains over 400 protected monuments. Stonehenge itself was built and used between 3000-1600 BC. It is the most architecturally sophisticated stone circle in the world, unrivalled in its design and unique engineering. A cremation cemetery in its early phase, it is aligned on the sun at the solstices, but its exact function remains a mystery. The stone circle is surrounded by hundreds of prehistoric burial mounds and by several ceremonial monuments such as the Avenue, the Cursus, Woodhenge and Durrington Walls.

Stonehenge website